At eleven o'clock this morning came to an end the cruellest and most terrible war that has ever scourged mankind. I hope we may say that thus, this fateful morning, came to an end all wars.
David Lloyd George, speech in the House of Commons, November 11, 1918 (Prime Minister, United Kingdom)
American Expeditionary Force (AEF). American army and marine troops in Europe. The troops were under the command of General John Pershing and arrived in Europe in June 1917.
Casualty. Military usage: any persons who are not present and ready for assignments. Includes sick, wounded, missing, held prisoner, dead, or any other reason. Currently, often used interchangeably with dead.
Order of Battle (OOB). Military terminology for the description of a military organization and its units.
Pioneer Infantry. Troops responsible for construction projects.
Roll of Honor (Honor Roll). List of those who died in service (under honorable circumstances).
War diaries. Record of the movements and activities of a military unit. All units the size of an infantry battalion, cavalry regiments, artillery brigade and any units larger were required to keep this type of record.
WWI Serviceman Glossary (PDF)
Selected resources for background information on the War.
B.A., History. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. 1973.
M.S., Library Science. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. 1981.
Created for the Library Workshop: Tracing Your Family's WWI Military History. Presenters: Rebecca Knight, Associate Librarian, and Linda Stein, Librarian, Reference and Instructional Services Department.