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U.S. Census: Census Sources

General and Multipurpose

Title Access Description
American Community Survey Internet The most current information from the Census Bureau is the data collected from the American Community Survey. Data available in American FactFinder.
American FactFinder Internet The most important sources for U.S. Census data. Datasets include American Community Survey, Population Estimates, 2010 Census, 2000 Census (decennial), and Economic Census. Offers thematic mapping.
Census Bureau Internet Home page for the Census Bureau’s website; Subjects A to Z is very useful.
Statistical Abstract of the United States (ProQuest) database

The single most important source for starting a statistical search. Statistical Abstract collects data for all facets of social, economic, and political life and includes all federal sources, some commercial publishers, and some professional and trade organizations. Tables have notes about sources of the data which can lead to other statistics. Tables are available in spreadsheet format; some of the spreadsheets have additional data, not visible in the table view.

Census of Agriculture

Census of farms, farm characteristics, and products. Conducted every five years. Each census contains some comparative data from previous Censuses. Data cover national, state, county, and zip code areas. From the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Department of Agriculture.

Title Access
2007 Census of Agriculture Internet
2002 Census of Agriculture Internet
Census of Agriculture 1997
  • Internet
  • Morris Library, Microforms CD-ROM 1004
Census of Agriculture 1992
v. 1: Geographic Area Series
v. 2: Zip Code Tabulations
(Subject Series)
  • Internet
  • Morris Library, Microforms CD-ROM 474
  • Morris Library, Microforms CD-ROM 422

Historical
Decennial census – 1840 was the first census to collect statistics on agriculture. Agriculture continued to be included in the decennial census up to 1950.

Economic Census

Census of the U.S. economy, from the national level to the local level. Economic sectors covered include: Mining, Utilities, Construction, Wholesale Trade, Retail Trade, and others. Conducted every five years.

 

Prior to the 1997 Economic census, each economic sector was treated as a separate census.
Title Access
2007 Economic Census
User guide
Internet via American FactFinder
2002 Economic Census
1997 Economic Census
ECON97 report series
  • Internet
  • Internet via American FactFinder (Selected data)
  • Morris Library - Microforms CD-ROM 1049

Economic Census, 1992
v.1: Report Series
v.2: Zip Code Statistics
v.3: Truck Inventory and Use Survey
v. 4: Nonemployer Statistics

The Financial, Insurance, and Real Estate Industries (FIRE) sector added to the coverage.

  • Internet (Selected data)
  • Morris Library - Microforms CD-ROM 423

Historical
Decennial census – 1810 was the first census to collect economic data (arts and manufactures). Economic data continued to be included in the decennial census up to 1940, except for 1830 when no economic data were collected. The 1940 Census added Retail and Wholesale Trade and Service Industries.

Financial Statistics of States. Annual. 1916-1943.

  • Library Annex (See DELCAT Discovery for volumes owned by the Library)
  • Some volumes on the Internet: 1916, 1918, for more years, search Google books
1992 Economic Censuses Outline (Use to locate SuDocs Call numbers)

Location: Morris Library U.S. Documents Census Area

  • Census of Construction Industries
    C 3.245/nos.
  • Census of Financial, Insurance, and Real Estate Industries
    C 3.291: nos.
  • Census of Manufactures
    C 3.24/nos.
  • Census of Mineral Industries
    C 3.216/nos.
  • Census of Retail Trade
    C 3.255/nos.
  • Census of Service Industries
    C3.257/nos.
  • Census of Transportation
    C 3.233/nos.
  • Census of Transportation, Communications, and Utilities
    C 3.292: nos.
  • Census of Wholesale Trade
    C 3.256/nos.
  • Enterprise Statistics
    C 3.230: nos. (also some in U.S. Doc Microfiche)
  • Women-Owned Businesses
    C 3.250: nos. (also some in U.S. Doc Microfiche)

Census 2000: Population and Housing

Title Access Description
American FactFinder Internet American Factfinder is the primary distribution service for U.S. Census data. Offers thematic mapping capability. Datasets include 2000 and 2010 Censuses.
Census of Population and Housing Internet Links to PDFs of decennial census reports from 1790 - 2010.
Your Census 2000 Gateway (Census Bureau) Internet Provides quick access to the major releases: Demographic Profiles, Summary File 1, Summary File 2, Redistricting Data (P.L. 94-171).
Census 2000 Special Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Tabulation Internet Tabulations of race, ethnicity, and sex composition of the labor market; includes data within a specified geography and job category.
Census 2000 Earnings By Occupation and Education Internet Tabulations of employment, work experience, and earnings by age and education.
Census 2000: Delaware Demographic Profiles Internet Delaware
Questionnaires Internet  Facsimiles and/or instructions for censuses from 1790 - 2010.
Geographic Terms and Concepts (2000) Internet  

Historical Censuses

Title Access Description
Census of Population and Housing Internet Links to PDFs of decennial census reports from 1790 - 2010.
Questionnaires Internet Facsimile and/or instructions for censuses from 1790 - 2010.
CensusCD (GeoLytics) Morris Library- Microforms CD-ROM
Historical Census Browser Internet Demographic and economic data for each state and county from 1790 to 1960.
Historical Statistics of the United States UD only
Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970 Internet  
Statistical Abstract of the United States Internet 1878 to 2012 editions are available in PDF format on the U.S. Census Bureau website.
USA Counties Internet Compilation of data for U.S., states, and counties. Data on a variety of demographic, economic, and governmental subjects. Emphasizes long time series. Sources include: State and Metropolitan Area Data Book, County and City Data Book, the 1980 Census, and the 1990 Census. The time periods covered for each data item vary. Generally, for annual data series, there are several years of data (e.g., personal income data from 1969 through 1994). For decennial and economic census data, comparable information from a prior census is available (e.g., 1930, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, and 1990 population data).
County Population Census Counts 1900-90 Internet Text file of population counts for the U.S., states, and counties.
History and Organization Internet Factfinder for the Nation (CFF-4).

Subject Guide

Rebecca Knight's picture
Rebecca Knight
Contact:
Associate librarian
Reference and Instructional Services Department
Morris Library, Room 117H
(302) 831-1730


Subjects: U.S. Government Information,
Delaware, census, family studies, RefWorks, APA style, and genealogy.


Education:
B.A., History. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. 1973.
M.S., Library Science. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. 1981.

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