Executive orders, numbered consecutively and reprinted annually in Title 3 of the CFR
Rules and regulations
Final rules, temporary rules, and corrections. These amend the CFR and will be codified in the annual revision
These announce possible changes to the CFR and solicit public comment on the proposal, such as notices of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) and preliminary rulemaking documents. Includes advance notices of proposed rulemaking and petitions for rulemaking.
Proposed rules are not of permanent legal value and are not codified in the CFR
Documents describing official actions and functions of an agency that affect the public or provide important information, but do not amend the CFR
Arranged by agency. Within each agency, arrangement is Rules and regulations, Proposed rules, and Notices
|NPRM||Notice of Proposed Rulemaking|
|NOFA||Notice of Funding Availability|
|R||Rule (Final Rule)|
Regulations are written by executive agencies to establish the rules and detailed procedures needed to administer the statutory laws passed by Congress and signed by the President. All of these terms are used to describe regulations: rule, administrative law, delegated legislation, and sublegislation.
The federal government publishes all regulations in the Federal Register, along with other materials (such as proposed rules, and notices).
Code of Federal Regulations
The regulations are collected, rearranged by subject, and published in the Code of Federal Regulations.
A legal newspaper published every government business day. Contains all federal agency regulations (final rules). Also contains notices, proposed rules, presidential proclamations, executive orders, and public laws. Rules and proposed rules include citations to the Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.). Arrangement is alphabetically by agency. Published since 1936. The Federal Register is available in several online versions; searching capabilities differ.
78 FR 55014 - Machine Guns, Destructive Devices and Certain Other Firearms; Background Checks for Responsible... Federal Register. Proposed Rules. Notice of proposed rulemaking. Monday, September 9, 2013. govinfo
The CFR is the subject arrangement (codification) of the general and permanent regulations of federal agencies. The regulations are arranged (codified) into 50 subject areas, called "titles." Indexing is by agency with some subject references. The CFR is revised once a year, in a quarterly publication cycle. This Library retains only the most current revision, except for Title 3 (The President) which is retained permanently. The CFR is available in several online versions. Dates of coverage and searching capabilities differ. Note: "title" refers to a subject section of the code.
LSA: List of CFR Sections Affected (L.S.A.)
Numerical listing of changes keyed to CFR parts/sections. Bridges the gap between new rules and the CFR. Arrangement is by date, then CFR titles and section numbers; it cannot be searched by subject. The LSA is necessary if using the print copies of the FR and CFR. The LSA online edition includes: About List of CFR Sections Affected.
The legal citation for a Rule in the Federal Register identifies the volume and page where the rule is published.
F.R. can also be written as FR
Combine the legal citation with the information required by the citation style you are using.
APA requires the name of the regulation, followed by the legal citation.
Definitions, and Selection Criteria; Race to the Top -- District, 78 FR 47979 (August 6, 2013).
A citation to a rule in the Code of Federal Regulations identifies the title number, the abbreviation "C.F.R.", the part and/or section number, and the year of the latest revision of the title, in parentheses.
B.A., History. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. 1973.
M.S., Library Science. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. 1981.
How do I find the most up-to-date version of a regulation?
How do I find regulations for a particular law?
Use the "Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules" in the CFR -- arranged by USC (United States Code) reference. The LSA contains a USC table.
How can I comment on proposed rules?
Go to Regulations.gov
How can I get a preview of rules or proposed rules before they are published?
.Chapter: I: Rules of individual agency (Coast Guard)
..Part: 10: Rules on a single program or function (Merchant Mariner Credential)
...Section: 10.203: One provision of program/function rules (Requirement to hold a TWIC and a merchant mariner credential)
....Paragraph: 10.203(a): Detailed, specific requirements