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Engineering Junior and Senior Design

Citing Standards

If you are using a standard in your paper, presentation, scholarly publishing, etc., it needs to be cited, just like a book or journal article. There is no specific style manual for standards; instead, the style depends on the discipline or the journal. Whether you are citing a standard from IEEE, ANSI, ASME, ASTM or another organization, the same rules apply.

Your citation needs to include enough information for anyone interested to be able to track down the original document.

  • Issuing agency (or publication name) 
  • Standard number
  • Standard title
  • Publication date
  • Specific version
    • Standards may be reprinted, altered or reissued by a number of different standard organizations

 

Basic Format:

Base Designation / Edition or Version / Title / Publisher / Publisher City / Publisher State, Province / Publication Year/ DOI / Publisher Website

Examples:

Referencing Standards with Year of Approval:

ASTM Standard C33, 2003, "Specification for Concrete Aggregates," ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2003, DOI: 10.1520/C0033-03, www.astm.org.

Referencing Standards (multiple revisions in same year):

ASTM Standard C33, 2003a, "Specification for Concrete Aggregates," ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2003, DOI: 10.1520/C0033-03A, www.astm.org.

Referencing Standards (reapproved):

ASTM Standard C33, 2003 (2006), "Specification for Concrete Aggregates," ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2006, DOI: 10.1520/C0033-03R06, www.astm.org

Referencing Standards (editorial change):

ASTM Standard C33, 2003e1, "Specification for Concrete Aggregates," ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2003, DOI: 10.1520/C0033-03E01, www.astm.org

 

Example of the preferred ASTM style:

Structure: Designation, Title, Publisher, city, state abbreviation, approval year, DOI

ASTM E1527-13, Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, https://doi.org/10.1520/e1527

Log on to ASTM Compass AND search for the title OR enter the base designation: ASTM E1527-13 to find the full text of the Standard.

 

Guidelines are included below for citing standards in several popular citation style formats. Consult with Professor Sarah Rooney for which style is preferred for the assignment.

If you use EndNote Online to manage your citations, you can create new References within your EndNote Library for standards. Simply create a New Reference, then change the Reference Type to "Standard."