About Open Access Publishing
Open access publishing eliminates or reduces typical barriers to access of information. When a work is published open access, the public is able to access its content without a subscription. This means that people can access and use open access published works regardless of their location or academic affiliation.
Types of Open Access Publishing
|Gold Open Access||Green Open Access|
|Access||Final published version freely available online for anyone to access||Submitted, accepted manuscript, or final published version can be made freely available online for anyone to access, usually after an embargo or other conditions|
|Embargoes||Freely available immediately||Typically there are embargo periods before becoming openly available|
|Use||Typically less strict licensing restrictions which can increase access, dissemination, and re-use||Varying licensing options which allows authors more control over the material|
|Fees||Authors, or their institution or funder, pay an Article Processing Charge||There is no fee for authors, the subscribers pay to access the material|
Hybrid journals are essentially subscription journals, but hybrid journals do give authors open access options for individual articles. These articles typically require the payment of an article processing charge prior to publication in order to publish the article open access.
Open and Closed Access
SPARC in association with PLOS and the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) has created this HowOpenIsIt? Open Access Guide to standardize open access terms which makes it easier to understand to what degree journal policies are open or closed: