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Learn What's New!

Science of Synthesis 4.18 - New update! (June 2020

The new SOS Knowledge Update 2019/3 volume comprising about 450 printed pages has been released. Highlights include:

  • 4H-1-Benzopyran-4-ones by X. Dong and H. Liu
  • Synthesis of Fluoroalkanes by Addition Reactions to Alkenes by G. Haufe
  • Acyclic Geminal Bisperoxides by V. A. Vil’, O. V. Bityukov, and A. O. Terent’e

Read more about this update here (pdf).

For the very latest in publications, consult the Science of Synthesis Knowledge Updates site.

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The 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded to John Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino “for the development of lithium-ion batteries”.

Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Schematic of Lithium element

They created a rechargeable world

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2019 rewards the development of the lithium-ion battery. This lightweight, rechargeable and powerful battery is now used in everything from mobile phones to laptops and electric vehicles. It can also store significant amounts of energy from solar and wind power, making possible a fossil fuel-free society.  [Image: copyright Johan Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences]

 

Schematic of Whittingham's Battery

Whittingham's Battery

The foundation of the lithium-ion battery was laid during the oil crisis in the 1970s. Stanley Whittingham worked on developing methods that could lead to fossil fuel-free energy technologies.  [Image copyright: Johan Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences]

Schematic of Goodenough's Battery

Goodenough's Battery

John Goodenough predicted that the cathode would have even greater potential if it was made using a metal oxide instead of a metal sulphide. After a systematic search, in 1980 he demonstrated that cobalt oxide with intercalated lithium ions can produce as much as four volts. [Image: copyright Johan Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences]

Schematic of Yoshino's Battery

Yoshino's Battery

With Goodenough’s cathode as a basis, Akira Yoshino created the first commercially viable lithium-ion battery in 1985. Rather than using reactive lithium in the anode, he used petroleum coke, a carbon material that, like the cathode’s cobalt oxide, can intercalate lithium ions. [Image: copyright Johan Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences]