There are schedules and counts that are even less known:
Military, e.g., Veterans, Pensioners, 1890 Census of Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War
1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880, Enumerators were instructed to collect information beyond the population schedules.
These schedules cover the 12 months prior to the time the decennial census was taken.
Social schedule was added. Covers the 12 months prior to the time the census was taken
Note: Social statistics (no names included) are available for 1850, 1860, 1870
1850 and 1860
Slave schedules (slave owners) were collected with the population census. (Includes names of slave owners.)
For each farm: name of owner or manager, number of improved and unimproved acres, and the cash value of the farm, farming machinery, livestock, animals slaughtered during the past year, and "homemade manufactures." The schedules also indicate the number of horses, mules, "milch cows," working oxen, other cattle, sheep, and swine owned by the farmer. The amount of oats, rice, tobacco, cotton, wool, peas and beans, Irish potatoes, sweet potatoes, barley, buckwheat, orchard products, wine, butter, cheese, hay, clover seed, other grass seeds, hops, hemp, flax, flaxseed, silk cocoons, maple sugar, cane sugar, molasses, and beeswax and honey produced during the preceding year is also noted. The 1880 schedules provide additional details, such as the amount of acreage used for each kind of crop, the number of poultry, and the number of eggs produced. National Archives webpage
1850: small farms (less than $100 of products)
1870: small farms (less than 3 acres and $500 of products)
|Agriculture, 1850 - 1880|
Delaware Public Archives
Name of the manufacturer; type of business or product; the amount of capital invested; the quantities, kinds, and value of raw materials used; the quantities, kinds, and value of product produced annually; the kind of power or machinery used; the number of men and women employed; and the average monthly cost of male and female labor. (Also called Industrial Schedules)
Not included: Manufacturing operations producing less than $500 worth of goods.
Name of person who died; age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, and cause of death. These schedules cover the 12 months prior to the time the decennial census was taken.
Slave schedules are lists of slave owners. Slaves are represented by tallies. These schedules were conducted in 1850 and 1860 as part of the Census of Population.
States and territories:
Slave schedules were taken for Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah Territory, Virginia.
Note: 1860 schedule did not include New Jersey.
Occasionally, the enumerator listed the first names of individual slaves.
Social Statistics Schedules differ from the other nonpopulation censuses.
Social statistics schedules provide information about the ancestor's community. In 1850 through 1870, these schedules indicate for each political subdivision the value of real estate; annual taxes; number of schools, teachers, and pupils; number and type of libraries and the number of volumes they have; name, type, and circulation of newspapers; the types of church denominations, the number of people each church can seat, and the value of their property; the number of native and foreign-born paupers and the cost of supporting them; the number of native and foreign-born criminals convicted and in prison; and the average wages paid to farm hands, day laborers, carpenters, and female domestics.
Note that these schedules provide only statistical data, not information about specific individuals. National Archives webpage
Delinquent, Defective, and Dependent classes (DDD) -- names of people in specified categories.
Information in the 1880 Census population schedule indicates when an individual is listed on a Delinquent, Defective, and Dependent classes (DDD) schedule.
Information in the DDD schedule identifies location of the individual in the population schedules (called schedule 1).
Originally created for the Library Workshop: Advanced Census for Genealogy Research, Tuesday, November 12, 2013
Created by Rebecca Knight, Associate Librarian, and Linda Stein, Librarian, of the Library Reference and Instructional Services Department.